Advantages and disadvantages of different types of gears

Saturday - 01/09/2018 14:04
Spur Gear

Advantages

They offer constant velocity ratio

Spur gears are highly reliable

Spur gears are simplest, hence easiest to design and manufacture
Advantages and disadvantages of different types of gears
Advantages and disadvantages of different types of gears
A spur gear is more efficient if you compare it with helical gear of same size
 
Spur gear teeth are parallel to its axis. Hence, spur gear train does not produce axial thrust. So the gear shafts can be mounted easily using ball bearings.
 
They can be used to transmit large amount of power (of the order of 50,000 kW)
 
 
Disadvantages
 
Spur gear are slow-speed gears
 
Gear teeth experience a large amount of stress
 
They cannot transfer power between non-parallel shafts
 
They cannot be used for long distance power transmission.
 
Spur gears produce a lot of noise when operating at high speeds.
 
when compared with other types of gears, they are not as strong as them
 
 
Helical Gear
 
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Advantages
 
The angled teeth engage more gradually than do spur gear teeth causing them to run more smoothly and quietly
 
Helical gears are highly durable and are ideal for high load applications.
 
At any given time their load is distributed over several teeth, resulting in less wear
 
Can transmit motion and power between either parallel or right angle shafts
 
 
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Disadvantages
 
An obvious disadvantage of the helical gears is a resultant thrust along the axis of the gear, which needs to be accommodated by appropriate thrust bearings, and a greater degree of sliding friction between the meshing teeth, often addressed with additives in the lubricant. Thus we can say that helical gears cause losses due to the unique geometry along the axis of the helical gear’s shaft.
 
Efficiency of helical gear is less because helical gear trains have sliding contacts between the teeth which in turns produce axial thrust of gear shafts and generate more heat.
 
So, more power loss and less efficiency
 
 
Bevel Gear
 
Advantages
 
This gear makes it possible to change the operating angle.
Differing of the number of teeth (effectively diameter) on each wheel allows mechanical advantage to be changed. By increasing or decreasing the ratio of teeth between the drive and driven wheels one may change the ratio of rotations between the two, meaning that the rotational drive and torque of the second wheel can be changed in relation to the first, with speed increasing and torque decreasing, or speed decreasing and torque increasing.
 
Disadvantages
 
One wheel of such gear is designed to work with its complementary wheel and no other.
 
Must be precisely mounted.
 
The shafts' bearings must be capable of supporting significant forces.
 
Worm Wheel
 
Advantages
 
Worm gear drives operate silently and smoothly.
 
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They are self-locking.
 
They occupy less space.
 
They have good meshing effectiveness.
 
They can be used for reducing speed and increasing torque.
 
High velocity ratio of the order of 100 can be obtained in a single step
 
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Disadvantages
 
Worm gear materials are expensive.
 
Worm drives have high power losses
 
A disadvantage is the potential for considerable sliding action, leading to low efficiency
 
They produce a lot of heat.
 
 
Rack and Pinion
 
Advantages
 
Cheap
 
Compact
 
Robust
 
Easiest way to convert rotation motion into linear motion
Rack and pinion gives easier and more compact control over the vehicle
 
 
Disadvantages
 
Since being the most ancient, the wheel is also the most convenient and somewhat more extensive in terms of energy too. Due to the apparent friction, you would already have guessed just how much of the power being input gives in terms of output, a lot of the force applied to the mechanism is burned up in overcoming friction, to be more precise somewhat around 80% of the overall force is burned to overcome one.
 
The rack and pinion can only work with certain levels of friction. Too high a friction and the mechanism will be subject to wear more than usual and will require more force to operate.
 
The most adverse disadvantage of rack and pinion would also be due to the inherent friction, the same force that actually makes things work in the mechanism. Due to the friction, it is under a constant wear, possibly needing replacement after a certain time

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